Have you ' a flower, my son? They have my hat. I am tired. Our chairs are in the room. Where are the knives and forks? I have a knife, but no' spoon. These are not our children. The apples of our trees are sweet. He is growing old. The ink became black. The apples are growing ripe. They 7 have apples here. Note 9. Conversation 4. To me says it my little finger. In his time a valiant hero.
Martin in pelt. Conjugation of Verbs. All German verbs are conjugated according to one of two forms, called the New and Old Con- jugations. The verbs of the New or weak Con- jugation comprise the great majority of German verbs, and all those of later origin are embraced in it. The verbs of the Old or strong Conjuga- tion, though few in number, are primitive words in common use.
The New Conjugation is a modification of the Old, and in many respects coincides with it. The mode of forming the preterit and past participle is the distinguishing feature between these two conjugations. In the New Conjugation the preterit is formed by an addition to the stem ; in the Old Conjugation there is no addition, but a change in the vowel of the stem, called Ablaut. The stem of a verb is that part which remains after dropping the infinitive ending -cii or The principal parts of a verb are three, the infinitive, preterit, and past participle.
The present participle is formed in both con- jugations by adding -cnb to the stem. Personal Endings. The c in parenthesis is omitted unless there would result thereby such a combination of conso- nants as would be difficult to pronounce. Final t in the third person singular is dropped. I- -tett. VL In the Imperative, the singular is formed by adding e to the stem, and the plural is the same as the second person plural of the Present Indicative. Ucbt, Ilebt iljr, love, love ye. Uebenb, loving, geKeM, loved. See P- - etttft, once. Note i i. SWein Dnfcl lebte in?
S5ic SWufif tear rcijenb. He loves his brother. Where do' you live.? I bought a piece of soap. He is learning' English. They were ' playing ' in the garden. He was learning his lesson. They were laughing, u. The teacher praised the scholars. I heard the opera. He said nothing. Our friends live in Paris. I bought a book. HOtt, from ; bid, to. Note four varieties of ber — 1. As demonstrative adjective, "that. As demonstrative pronoun, "he," "that. As relative, " who. Conversation 5. SBic t icl ift breiniat funf? Like and like associate themselves gladly. VIIJ verbs. In the Old Conjugation, the Preterit tense is formed by changing the vowel of the stem ; as, id gab, " I gave," from gebcn, "to give.
The past participle is formed by prefixing gc-, and adding - e n, with a change sometimes in the vowel of the stem. The present participle is formed in the same manner as in the New Conjugation. The endings of the present tense are the same as in the New Conjugation. The Preterit of the Old Conjugation has no ending in the first and third persons singular; elsewhere it takes the present endings. The Imperative singular also changes the c. These verbs, which are to be thoroughly mastered on account of their constant use, have special prominence in the work of acquiring the language.
They answer to our irregular verbs. J Present. Examples : CSr oar im arten. Sr ging im Garten auf unb a6. St ging in ben arten. Exercise 7. My mother gave me' a ring. I went into the house. What are the animals eating'.? We were eating some bread. Did your brother sit here. What did he do. Did not his sister sing a song? Yes, and the song which she sang was pretty. Will 7 you 7 read louder [louder read].? Ijcr'f ageil, say, recite. Conversation 6. Reading 7. Who A says, must also B say. Formation of the Compound Tenses. The compound tenses are formed by uniting one of the auxiliaries of tense fein, l a6en, ipcrbcn with the participle or infinitive of the verb m question.
The compound tenses are formed in the same manner, whether the verb belong to the Old or New Conjugation. The following general rule will aid the memory Transitive verbs always take aben ; but some intransitives denoting motion or change of condi- tion take feitt, or either feitt or tleit. Inflection of the Compound Tenses, Indicative Mood. Future Perfect.
We XttffC, the cup. French, chez. Hbeitblirot effett, take tea. For particular state- ment of the order of the German sentence, see Lesson XX. Exercise 8. SBir l a6en fcinen iput in bent Oarten gefunbcn. Francis has given me [dat. The train is coming. The horse has bitten my brother. My friend has been living in Paris. V We were speaking in the garden. Our aunt has come from the city. Give 7 mc [dat. He has shown me [dat. I xwill drink a cup of tea afirst. Conversation 7. VIIL I. Reading 8. Happiness how soon breaks that.
That do also no other to. Compound Tenses of feili, in the Indicative Mood. I0ir loarett getoefett, we had been. Im I0trft gei0:fen fetn, thou wilt have been. Hr uierbet getoef en f eln, ye will have been. Compound Tenses of toerben, in the Indicative Mood. Ijioffen, hope. Stneir, to you. Norn, bit, thou. The verb precedes the subject in questions as in English and in a command or a wish. But see Lesson XX.
Sbuarb l at fciiic 2Rufec in bcm gor[tc Uerlovcii. The weather has' been good. She has seen a stork. It was cold yesterday, and we had a fire. They have learned a trade. Our apple-tree has grown large. I will call John. I have lost my cap. The sky has become very clear. Henry has ' not yet come froms [the] school. What did he say? Clft, eleventh. Conversation 8. Reading 9. Shall merry , play for us be good.
Remark 3. Declension of Nouns. German nouns are commonly divided into two declensions. To the First or strong- Delension belong all of the neuter and most of the masculine nouns, with quite a number of feminines. In the First Declension the plural nominative is formed in three different ways ; in the Second Declension the plural ends throughout in -n -en. Feminine nouns, whether belonging to the First or Second Declension, do not vary in the singular.
Compound nouns receive gender and classifi- cation from the last element of the compound. The classification in this and the following lessons applies to simple nouns. The First Declension may be divided into three classes, according to the form of the nomi- native plural. In Class I. Tablk of Case-Endings of the First Declension. Class The c in parenthesis is purely euphonic. Note that most monosyllables modify the stem- vowel in the plural. The dative plural always ends in -n.
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The change to the Umlaut in the plural some- times takes place in Class I. There are many exceptions to any scheme of declension, and these must be learned from the dictionary. A tabular view of the declensions is given on p. This class comprises masculine and neuter polysyllables ending in -c , -cr, -cu, and the dimin- utives in -c[ en and -lein. Ol Vocabulary. See P- - bo4r though, nevertheless, I think, I am- sure, you see, ftarl, strong, heavy. See Re- mark 2, p. Remark 4. Only long practice 'and observation will enable one to appreciate its exact significa- tion.
Hret, of them. For a detailed statement of the order of the German sen- tence, see Lesson XX. Exercise The hat of my brother. The weather is good.
I have the book of my teacher. Where is my knife. I have not seen your' knife. My friend had the key of my room. There was a stove in our room. The little daughter of my teacher is ill. There is a little tree in our garden. The young ladies were not at home. These boots are very large, I think. There are apples on the little trees. Has Lizzie a canary bird? Where does Mrs. Braun live.? Conversation 9. SBic nennt man ben erften? JRdrg, On feathers recognizes bird. That dear Christmas-day.
Paradigm of ber o1 it, the son. Plural, bie Sdttte, the sons. Declension of Mef, who; he who, whoever, Used only in the Singular. In many cases either verb may be used. The noun follow- ing giebt is in the accusative case. See Remark 2, on p. Exercise zi. SBag ift ber 9? Sari i at feine? The sons of my brother. There were only two chairs in the room. Paulina wrote me [dat] a letter from Berlin.
He loved his brother Jack very much. Theodore has bought a dog. I see some fishes here in the water. Do you see a chair in the garden? His coat was growing old. Edward' bought his shoes at Miiller's. What is the name of your dog. The weather will be fine to-day, I think. Charley ,loved his little dog Nero jvery much. The letter from Paul was pretty 7 long. You are right, I think.
X Les. Conversation Reading ii. One swallow makes as yet no summer. Most neuter monosyllables, neuter derivatives in -turn, and a few very common masculine mono- syllables are in this class. The gender is also that of the last member. Les, XII. Inna fang geftcrn?
These children are still' very small. The village was not large. He gave me [dat. Have you seen the pictures in the gallery? These boys have probably lost their kites. The mountains here in [the] Switzerland are very high. She ,sang a song ayesterday jmorn- ing. Will you give me [dat] a hymn-book.? How many glasses have you brought? These nests are ex- tremely small. The eggs which these birds lay are pretty.
Is he not a countryman of s yours? Ijeretit, come in I Note S effing. The Second Declension comprises most fem- inine polysyllables, about half of all feminine mon- osyllables, masculines ending in -e, denoting living beings, many nouns from foreign languages and a few very common masculine monosyllables.
Table of Case-Endings of the Second Declension. Declension of a Masculine Noun of the Second Declension. Declension of a Feminine Noun of the Second Declension. Slnsrnlar: Nom. See P- - Remark 5. Remark 6. Such feminines double the final n before the -en of the plural. If, however, the noun expressing the substance measured be preceded by an adjective, both are generally in the genitive ; as, cin a0 giiteil 2Beiiie9. Are the cherries already ripe. I like' that boy. They are students, are they not?
That child is handsome as a picture. Our 3 room has two doors.
3.5.2 General vocabulary
How long has he been sleeping. XIII Lottie is really very kind. The streets of this little town are not very broad, u. We burn pine wood in our stove. Henry is aat home ,to-day, and is studying [the] grammar. I am writing the soldier [dat. What have you in your 9 hand.? The earth is a ball, and [the] men " live on " its " surface. Is he still asleep? See Remark i, p. XIIL] nouns. SBie bcleucljtct man eiii 3iinincr in ber 9? Reading A used knife rusts not. There falls snow! In order that very much, SBenn nun ber SBinter ftiirmt bat er. When storms along.
Them now right softly neatly to. Attributive Adjective. Predicate Adjective. In this case it has the value of a noun, and may be written with a capital. Monosyllables with a vowel a, o, or n, generally change it to the Umlaut : tang, anger, Kingft. Declension of Adjectives. An adjective used attributively is regularly declined, one used predicatively is not declined. Adjectives used as adverbs are not declined. Par- ticiples are declined like adjectives. There are two declensions of adjectives, which may be called the First and Second Declensions.
The latter has two forms, which we will call Class I. The First or strong Declension is the form used for the attributive adjective, when it is pre- ceded by no limiting word as an article, posses- sive, etc. An Adjective declined according to the First Declension. Declension of giitcr SRann, good man. I icr p Sanbc here to land , in this country. The following Adjectives are Irregular in their Comparison. This city has long but narrow streets. All the girls were at home a fortnight ago. Good ' morning,' Henry, how are you to-day. Charlotte has handsome white gloves. How many inhabitants has Ber- lin?
Has your room large windows? I must buy some new gloves. Will you order a hack, Augusta? He 6tein!
SBag [inb bie SJamen ber t evfrf iebenen 3intmer ctncr aBo niing? The Second or weak Declension is the form when the adjective is preceded by certain words, which have themselves the full endings, so that those of the adjective are reduced to a simpler form. An Adjective declined according to Class L Singrular. Declension of bie gttte Qfrott, the good ivoman. Declension of baiS gttte S3tt4, the good book.
X er aJionn, ben or ttjeldften ie felicii, ift meiii gveiiiib. Sr mag gcljcn, "let him go. Sebcr gutc 93urger arbcitct flcifjig. Have you seen the old palace? Where does' Mr. Schmidt live? This short street pleases me. I should like to have that beauti- ful horse. This young boy speaks. French , fluently. How many syllables does' that long word contain? This short sentence con- tains two verbs. IMai ijcit. One's own legs are the best. A prayer after table.
After the eternal life! Class IT. Declension of mein gnteiS S3n4, singular. This is a beautiful city, I think. What is the name of this long street? Have you lost your old dog Pluto. Is not Mr. Bauer a very rich man? Have you read his long letter? That was a very long train, was it not? I have seen your little daughter Dorothea.
Will you buy me 5 a ticket? I think that these red apples taste 3 good. Carriage stand. Also the halting place for street cars, which in Ger- man towns generally stop only at stated intervals. IBrattnfd tiietg. SSie oft fommt ber 93rieftrager? SSerfauft er JBriefmarfeit? SBo ioot nen bie SEnuflcute?
Living Language Ultimate German II
Reading i6. Inseparable and Separable Verbs. Verbs are sometimes compounded with pre- fixes, which are i always inseparable, or 2 al- ways separable, or 3 sometimes separable and sometimes inseparable. There is no change in the inflection of the verb itself, and the only difficulty presented is in the treatment of the prefix. The Inseparable Prefix forms one word with the main verb and is never separated from it. This difference with regard to the separation of these prefixes from the verb is owing to a change in their signification. The separable prefixes re- tain their sense and use as individual words, and manifest this individuality in their independent position with reference to the verb.
On the other hand, the inseparable prefixes receive no accent, but it. This is indicated by the written accent in the following paradigms. General information on Austria and Vienna 2. At the Lawyer's Office. In Kurze C. Indirekte Rede Indireet speech 2. Der Konjunktiv in indirekter Rede The subjunctive in indirect speech 3. Genitivprpositionen Genitive prepositions 4.
Zusammengesetzte Substantive Compound nDuns 5. Die Vorsilbe "Im" The prefix un 6. Wider versus wieder D. Reitl geschftlich: 1. The German Iaw and the judicial system 2. The Press. Weitere Verben mit Vorsilben More prefix verbs 2. Idionlatic expressions D. Rein geshftJich: 1. The press 2. Visiting a Hanseatic City. Grammatik und Gebram:h: 1. Das Imperfekt The simple pastl 2. Das Plusquamperfekt The past perfect 3. Adjektive mit ,,-ige" Endlmgen Adjectives with -ige endings 4. Substantive mit ,,-ei," ,,-Img. Shipping and moving 2.
A New Computer Program. KonditiQllalsiitze Conditional sentences 2. Konjunktiv 11 in Konditionalstzen The subjunctive 11 in conditional clauses 3. Der Konjunktiv va,! Der x Konjunktiv ,-" hflichen Fragen The sub;unctive in polite reQuests 5. Konsekutive Nebmstu Consecutive c1auses D. Telecommunication 2. Nebenstze Multiple subordinated subclauses 4. Customer Service. Grammatik ulld Gebrauch: 1.
Die Vorsilben "her" und "hin-" The prefixes her- and lIin- 2. Zweiteilige Konjunktionen Compound conjunctions 3. Wortbildung Word fonnation D. A word on customer service 2. A user's manual 3. Wine Tasting. Adverbien mit Prpositionen Adverbs with prepositions 2. Ein-Wrter als Pronomen Ein-words as pronoWls 3. Wortbildung aus Adjektivetl Word formation from adjectives 4.
Import and export 2. Grammah'k find Gebrauch: 1. VerlJen mit Prjjpositiomm Verbs with prepositions 2. Etiquette 2. Gift giving 3. On the roles of rnen and wornen 4. Pronunciation Guide B. Grammar Summary 1. The definite article 2. Der-Words 3. The indefinite article 4.
Ein-Words 5. Masculine n-Nouns 6. Preceded adjectives 7. Question words The demonstrative pronoun der Relative pronouns Indefinite pronouns Reflexive pronouns Verbs in the indicative Verbs in the subjunctive Passive voice Reflexive verbs Strong, irregular weak, and modal verbs Comparative and superlative Imperative Punctuation Capitalization C. Letter Writing 1. Business letters 2. Thank-you notes 3. Infonnalletters 4. Salutations and complimentary closings 5. Fonns of address 6. If you have ab'eady mastered the basics of Gennan in schaol, while traveling abroad, or with other Living Lan- guage courses, then Ultimate German Advanced is light for you.
The camplete course consists of this text aod eight haurs of recordings. However, if you are confident of your pronunciation, you can also use Lhis manual on ils own. With Ultimate Gennan Advonced you'll continue to leam how to speak, understand, read, aod write idiomatic German. The program will also introduce you to same of the more interesting aspects of Gennan culture aod business.
You'lJ be able to participate in engaging conversations about a variety of tapics, as weil as recognize and respond to several styles of formal and informal speech. The course will take you everywhere, from vineyards to investment banks, while teaching useful vocabulary and expressions. You'lI get practice deci- phering newspaper articles, c1assified ads, aod legal papers. You'll also leam about subtle cultural distinctions in personal interaction, such as when to in- sist on paying for dinner and when to stop, that will help smooth your way abroad.
The reading passages appear after every live lessons, and the review sections after Lesson 10 and Lesson It's best to read and study each lessan in the manual before listening to it on the recordings. All dia- logues are translated into idiomatic English. They'lI introduce you to the cultural and historical background relevant to a particular expression, and a1low you to see grammar rules and vocabulary "in action. Vou'lI also leam how to express yourself more accu- 1 rately and appropriately by using idiomatic Gennan.
For easy reference, the heading of each topic corresponds to its Iisting in the table of contents. Dis- cussing topics such as dress codes, import and export, the government and its involvement in the economy, this section will enable you to conduct business in Germany, Austria. You can check your answers in the Lslmgetl Answer Key , which appears after the last Usestck Reading. The material covered in the preceding lessons. Similar in structure to the fnmglm. The appendixes. There are two sets of complementary recordings: the first is designed for use with the manual, while the second may be used independentJy.
By Iistening to and imitating the native speakers, you'lI improve your pronunciation and comprehension while leaming to use new phrases and structures. The recorded material appears in boldface in your manual. You'lI first heaT native Gennan speakers read the campiere dialogue. Then you'lI have a chance to listen 10 the dialogue a second time and repeat each phrase in the pauses provided.
Write down a summary of what you think the dialogue was about, and then listen to the reeordings a second time, checking how much yOu understood with the transla- tions in the manual. After you study each [esson and practice with Set A, ga on to the second seL of recordings Set B , whieh can be used on the go-while driving, jogging, traveling, or doing housework. Because they are bilin.!
The 20 lessons on Set B correspond to those in the manual. A bilingual narrator leads yotl through the four sections of each lesson. The first section presents the most important phrases from the original dialogue. You'U then hear it again. The second section reviews aod expands upon the most important vocabu- lary introduced in the lesson.
Additional expressions show how the words and phrases may be used in other contexts. Again, you are given time to repeat the German phrases after the native speakers. In the third section you will explore the lesson's most important grammatical structures. After a quick review of the rules, yOll can practice with illustrative sentences.
The conversatlonal exercises in the last section integrale what you've learned and help you generate sentences in Gemlan on your own. You'lItake part in brief conversations, ask aod respond to questions. After YOll re- spond. The interactive approach on this set of recordings focuses on the idiomatic spoken word and will teach you to communicate and think in Genuan.
Now let's begin. Musik spielt im Hintergrund. Geh doch mal bitte zur Tr. Unser Gast ist da. Er ffnet die Wohnungstr. Der Gast aus den USA? Kevin Milton, tritt ein. Bemd Obenneier reicht ihm die Hand zur Begrung. Anna Obermeier kommt aus der Kche und nimmt die Blumen.
Vielen Dank. Willkommen in Mnchen, Herr Milton. Er ist extra fr die Konferenz aus Amerika gekommen. Gabriele Schlosser steht auf und gibt Kevin Milton die Hand. Woher in den USA kommen Sie denn? Eine sehr schne Stadt. Oder ein Bier? Morgen beginnt die Konferenz. Am Freitag fliege ich nach Rom, und dann geht 10 es schon wieder zurck.
Waren Sie schon mal in Deutschland? Dann haben Sie ja gar keine Zeit fr eine StadCrundfahrt. Oie Frauenkirche und der Marienplatz sind sehr schn. Wir sind dort echt bayerisch essen gegangen. Wie heit es doch gleich? Ich hoffe, es hat Ihnen geschmeckt, denn bayerische Spezialitten gibt es in zehn Minuten gleich nochmal. Ich habe einen ganzen Stapel Bcher ber das Thema. Regensburg hat einen schnen Dom. Entschuldigen Sie, wie war Thr Name gleich nochmal?
Ich frchte,14 ich habe ihn nicht verstanden. Ich bin der Bemd. ZO Kevin, bitte greif zu. Ich hoffe. Guten Appetit. Music is playing in the background.
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I didn'thear thal. You're playing the music reatly loud. He opens the door. How nice of yeu to ceme. Bemd Obermeier greets him with ahandshake. The coatrack's right here. Anna Obermeier comes out of the kitchen and takes the owers. Thank you. Welcome to Munich, Mr. Bemd shows Mr. Milton into the living room. Afriend of the Obermeiers, Gabriele Schlosser, is sitting on the sofa. He came from America just to attend our conference. Gabriele gets up to shake Kevin's hand. Good evening. Where in the USA. I was in the U. Avery beautiful city. Or a beer? The conference starts tomorrow.
I'm ftying to Rome on Friday and then it's already time to go back. Have yau ever been to Gennany before? I've never been to Europe. Then you'll hardly have any time far a sightseeing tour. We bad a traditionaI Bavarian meal there. What was it called again? I hope you liked it, because there'U be more Bavarian specialities in about ten minutes. I have a whole stack of books on the subject. Regensburg has a beautifu! I'm sure you1! Excuse me, what was your name again? Schlosser is my name. Gabriele Schlosser shakes her head.
I hope you're hungry. My name's Bemd.
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Frau Schlosser's first name is Gabrie! Kevin, help yourself. Authentic Bavarian patato salad, radish, Bm'n, cheese, and then we have leg of vea! I hope none of my guests is vegetarlan. Bayern has a number of dialects that differ greatly trom each other: lhe Munich dialect, for example, is very different from the Northem Bavarian Frnkisch. As in English, names take a genitive -5 10 ind.
Unlike in English, however, 00 apostrophe is added. Heml Miltotls Blumen waren sehr schn. Milton's f10wers were very beautiful. Ich habe gar kei,LC Zeit. I have no time at all. The most popular greetings in Gerrnany are: Gulell Tag. Good day. Gulen Good moming. Gulen Abend.! You may of course hear variations on these greetings. In all three countries young people use Halfo in infomlal settings. Ablegen to take ofO generaJly refers to leaving the oUldoor, c1imate- proteclive clothing including hat or umbrella in the hallway before proceeding into the living or waiting area, rhe office.
Please leave your coot and bags here befare proceeding into the exhibition. The secretary a1ready filed the correspondence. Ablegen is a verb with separable prefix see Lessons 10 and Most theaters, opera houses. Sometimes lhe establishment will charge a small amount. In private hornes. Sich freuen to be glad. Sie kemumtulenren.
Nice to meet you. Infinitives after a rnain verb are preceded by tu see Lesson Kennenlernen is a separable verb; therefore zu is inserted between the two parts of the verb see Lessons 10, 11, and Erfreut sich darauf, bei schnem Wetter segebl zu gehen. He looks forward to sailing during nice weather. In fonnal situations it is most common to introduce oneself by one's last name. Wie wr's wre es mit How about Wre is the subjunctive IJ of sein see Lesson The expression is always followed by the dative because of the dative preposition mit.
Wie wt"s wre es mit einem Bier? How about a beer? The idiomatic expression es geht zurt:k impLies travel plans in which the traveler takes a passive role. It is only used with the third person singular pronoun es. In olher contexts, zurikkgehen means "to go back. Ich mu zun"ickgeheu, denn ich habe etwas vergessen. I have to go back, because I orgot something.
Die Frauenkirche, der Manenplatz, and der Viktllolienmarkt are fa- mous historical sights in the center of Munieh. The Frauetlkirche is a late Gothic two-spire cathedral completed in The twin towers of the cathedral are a trademark of Munich. The Man'tnplatz is a picturesque town square, c10sed to traftk, framed by the old and the new town hall and 11 Saint Peter's church.
The Viktualiemnarkt is one of the oldest open-air farmers' markets, with cafes and beer and snack bars serving Bavarian specialities. Brotzeit literally: bread time is the Bavarian tenn for a cold dinner. Brotzeit traditionally involves bread, sausages, cold cuts, cheese, and large soft pretzels Bru'n. The main meal is tradil:ionaUy eaten at lunchtime. Na ja oh weU. The verb sicll frchten to be afraidlto fear something is mostly used as a reflexive verb with the preposition vor.
Ich frchte mich vor Gewitter-n. WitllOut the reflexive pronoun and the preposition, it is a polite admis- sion that you have failed to da something. Ich frchte, ich habe es vergessen. I'm afraid I forgot. Das macht nichts. That's quite aU rightJIt doesn't matter is an idio- matic expression. In other contexts nuhts machen means "to do nothing Was mochst du denn? What are you doing? Im Moment mache ich nuhts.
In semifonnal and informal social situations it is acceptable to address a Dr. Gabnele Sclllosser as Frau Schlosser. In some situations Gennans address each other by their first name while still using the fonnal Sie. The use of the first name acknowl- edges that the parties involved have most likely known each other for a long time, whereas the continued use ofSU keeps a certain distance. The offer to use first names, however, may be a first step from fonnality to friendship. First name and SU is the customary address at schools for students above the age of sixteen.
Here it is a sign of respect rather than fonnality. Note how the noun has changed from Koch to Kchin in lhe feminine. The Isar river runs through Munieh. In summer its banks are crowded with sunbathers and swimmers. Schmarr'n is Bavarian for a scrambled pancake served with powdered sugar, raisins, andlor fruit. In the phrase Erzhl kein' Schmarrn it is used figuratively and best translated as ;'What hokwn! Zugreifen to grab, to grasp is another separable prefix verb see Lessons 10 and The form used here, greif ZII help yourself , is the imperative or command form see Lesson 7.
Brez'n is Bavarian for die Breul pretzel. While the noun is feminine in standard German, in a dialecl such as Bavarian it can change to masculine, tkr Brez',1. Brez'" are always! In questions, subject and verb change position. There are three ways of fonning questions in German. Inversion The subject and verb are inverted. Compare: Borbara ist Vegetaneri1l. Barbara is a vegetarian. Ist Barbara Vegetarierin? Is Barbara a vegetarian? Questions with Question pronouns The verb immediately follows the Que5tion word.
Wo liegt Mnchen? Where is Munich? Wer ist Vegetarierill? Who is a vegetarian? Use wer if you are asking for the subject. Wer ist eingeladen? Who i5 invited? Kevin Miltrm ist eingeladen. Kevin Milton is invited. Vse wen if you are asking for the direct object accusative. Bemd stellt Gabriele Schlosser vor. Bemd is introducing Gabriele Schlosser. Wen stellt Bemd vor? Who m does Bemd introduce? Use wem if you are asking for the indirect object dative.
Wem gibt er die Blumen? Who m does he give the tlowers to? Please note lhat verb and subject switch position after a question word. Wer kommt zum Essen? Who is coming for dinner? Intonation A third possibility to form questions in Gennan is by raising your voice at the end of the sentence. Cornpare: Kevin Milton ist nur4 Tage in Mnchen. Kevin Milton is only in Munich far four days.
Er ist nur4 Tage in Mnchen? He is only in Munich for four days? Ich wei nicht, wie sPt es ist. I don't know what time it iso Wird er nicht fahren? Will he not go? Wir sind nicht zur Konferenz gegangen. We didn't go to the conference. Nicht usually precedes the part of the sentence that is negated unless the whole sentence is negated.
Das Olympiastadium interessierte ihn nicht. The Olympic stadium didn't mterest turn. Time expressions or time adverbs always precede nicht. Er ist gestern nicht zum Essen gekommm. He didn't corne horne for dinner yesterday. Ich bin ab 15 Uhr nicht mehr im Bro. He didn't give Anna the g1ass. He didn't give Anna the glass but the plate. Kein is used to negate nouns that have no articles or indefinite artjcles.
Heute ist kein Markt. There is 00 market today, Dmm haben Sie ja gar keine Zeit fr eine Stadtnmdfahrt. Theo you woo't have any time at all for a sightseeing tour. Therefore the following sentence can be translated in various ways. I drive to Munich. Ta describe events in the past, German uses eilher the present perfecl or the simple past.
Tbe auxiliaries haben and sein are exceplions to the rule above. They are mosUy used in lhe simple past, even in conversation. They fom1 their past tense by adding endings to the stern, and their past partidple by adding ge- and -t. Strong verbs often show stem-vowel changes in the second and third person singular sinlple past, and their past partidple always ends in -en: fahren to drive , er fuhr. The Present Perfect The present perfeet is a compound tense, consisting of the conjugated fonn of either haben or sein.
He saw the Frauenkirehe. Kevin Milton wrote to his family. Anna Obenneier took the flowers. Verbs with separable pref1. Other verbs. I liked the Viktualienmarkt very much. Kevin did not understand FnlU SchJosser's name. Verbs lhal end in -ieren in the infinitive da not take ge- prefixes. The city of Munich Testored the church. O A73 Hohler, Franz, und Nora Gomringer. O Hoppe, Felicitas. Heidelberger Poetikvorlesungen, Band 2. O K76 Prawda: eine amerikanische Reise.
O P73 O74 A65 Blutroter Veltliner: ein Weinviertel-Krimi. U B58 Huby, Felix. Babettes Ballhaus: Kriminalroman. Gmeiner Spannung. Messkirch: Gmeiner-Verlag GmbH, U29 B33 Hugentobler, Michael. Originalausgabe, 2. U34 L68 Hummelt, Norbert. Der Atlas der Erinnerung.
U Z46 Heimkehr: Roman. U H45 Hussel, Horst. U36 F73 Der Fisch im Wasser: Roman. U4 F57 Imbsweiler, Marcus. Fjordmusik: Ein Sommer in Norwegen. Ingbert: Conte Verlag, M F56 Ingold, Felix Philipp. N4 B58 Ivanov, Petra. Alte Feinde: Kriminalroman. V36 A78 Izquierdo, Andreas. Insel Taschenbuch Z68 F73 Jackson, Hendrik. Panikraum: Gedichte. A14 P36 A44 A78 Jahnke, Olaf.
UBC Theses and Dissertations
A46 V47 Janacs, Christoph, und Helwig Brunner. Der Rede wert: Gedichte. Keiper Lyrik, Band A43 R44 Jaschke, Gerhard. A G46 Jehlicka, Christoph. Das Lied vom Ende: Roman. Reihe 1. Leipzig: Open House, E L54 Eine Partie Dame. E46 P37 NOTE: Screenplay for a film that was never produced. Jelinek, Elfriede. Die Schutzbefohlenen; Wut; Unseres. Reinbek: Rowohlt, E46 A6 Jelinek, Elfriede, und Nicolas Mahler. Der Fremde! J F74 Jessen, Julia. Die Architektur des Knotens: Roman. E77 A73 Josten, Husch. Land sehen: Roman. O85 L35 Jungmaier, Marianne.
U S67 All das hier: Roman. A A78 Kaminer, Wladimir. Ausgerechnet Deutschland: Geschichten unserer neuen Nachbarn. A A98 Lucia, Guadeloupe, Antigua. Kaminski, Volker. Auf Probe: Roman. A A94 Kampmann, Anja. Wie hoch die Wasser steigen: Roman. A W54 Ich erinnere mich: und andere Prosa. A59 Z46 Qasem Schneider in Beirut: Geschichten mit Migrationshintergrund.
Berlin: AphorismA, A Q23 Kaufmann, Walter. Die meine Wege kreuzten: Begegnungen aus neun Jahrzehnten. A9 Z46 Kawasser, Udo. Ache: ein Versuch. A A68 Kellerhoff, Lutz Wilhelm. Die Tote im Wannsee: Kriminalroman. K3 T67 Kempker, Birgit. E C38 E Z46 Kiening, Christian. I L48 Kilic, Ilse. Das Buch, in dem sie Kontakt aufnehmen.
I35 B83 Kinsky, Esther. I67 H35 Kirchhoff, Bodo. I69 D36 Klaussner, Burghart. Vor dem Anfang: Roman. L V67 Der Idiot des Jahrhunderts: ein Divan. L I35 Klein, Ally. Carter: Roman. L44 C37 Klein, Georg. Miakro: Roman. L M53 L9 J35 Klute, Hilmar. L87 W37 Das Lieben der Anderen: Roman. N37 L54 Der Tod ist ein Wiener: die Drei vom Naschmarkt ermitteln. N T Knipphals, Dirk. Der Wellenreiter: Roman. N56 W45 Kohl, Paul. O J83 Bruder und Schwester Lenobel: Roman. O B78 Auflage: 1. O V Als sei es dein: Gedichte.
Heidelberg: Wunderhorn, O A67 Ausserfern: Roman. O62 A97 Kornbichler, Sabine. Der letzte Gast: Kriminalroman. O L48 Kraus, Chris. Sommerfrauen, Winterfrauen: Roman. R S66 Krause, Thilo. Was wir reden, wenn es gewittert: Gedichte. Band 40 der Edition Lyrik Kabinett. R W37 R G47 R B65 Krechel, Ursula. Geisterbahn: Roman. R G45 Kreidl, Margret. R H54 Kreissler, Lisa. Das vergessene Fest: Roman. R V47 Falsches Licht: Roman. R46 F35 Kretz, Sebastian. R48 U55 Krohn, Tim. Menschliche Regungen, Band 3.
Berlin: Galiani Berlin, R J85 Literatur-machen: Literatur und ihre Vermittler. L Die Verwechslung: Roman. R77 V47 Krug, Nora. Heimat: ein deutsches Familienalbum. K78 Einmal einfach: Gedichte. Berlin: Suhrkamp Verlag, R E36 Auflage 1. R V67 Komm in den totgesagten Park und schau: Roman. U K66 Kamnik: Roman. U K35 Tage mit Ora: Roman. U T34 Ohne Umkehr. U O36 Aus meinem Schattenreich: Gedichte.
U A96 Kunze, Reiner. Die Stunde mit dir selbst: Gedichte. U5 S78 Kutzenberger, Stefan. Friedinger: Roman. Auflage U F75 An der Prorer Wiek und anderswo: Novellen. A A82 Das Problem als Katalysator: Frankfurter Poetikvorlesungen. L36 Pause, Schweigen, Stille: Laudatio. Joseph-Breitbach-Preis O42 Z73 Langer, Christine. A K67 Langer, Gerhard. A G53 Lauenstein, Mercedes. Blanca: Roman. A B53 E A63 Lehnberg, Stefan. Stuttgart: J. E A69 Lehnert, Christian. Cherubinischer Staub: Gedichte.
E C44 Leiber, Svenja. Staub: Roman. E43 S73 Lentz, Michael. Schattenfroh: ein Requiem. Fischer Verlag GmbH, E S38 E W35 Lerchbaum, Gudrun. Wo Rauch ist. E73 W6 Lercher, Lisa. Jenseits auf Rezept: Kriminalroman. E74 J47 Lewinsky, Charles, und Thomas Di Paolo. Aktualisierte Neuausgabe, 1. E A87 B4 L49 Linder, Lukas.
Der Letzte meiner Art: Roman. I56 L48 Auster und Klinge: Roman. O A97 Lorenz, Evelyne. Literatur, nr. O K34 O84 S36 Lucadou, Julia von. Die Hochhausspringerin: Roman. U83 H63 Lueken, Verena. Anderswo: Roman. U27 A63 Und am Ende stehlen wir Zitronen: Roman. U U53 Maani, Sama. Teheran Wunderland: Roman. A T44 Suhrkamp Taschenbuch A83 M35 Solar plexy: erotische gedichte.
A S65 Mahlke, Inger-Maria. Archipel: Roman. A A85 A J86 A U55 Was wir waren. Mann, Frido. Das Weisse Haus des Exils. Piper M37 Maron, Monika. Munin, oder, Chaos im Kopf: Roman. A47 M86 Bertelsmann, A J44 Wo chiemte mer hi? A78 W63 A U24 Mayer, Berni. Rosalie: Roman. A R67 Pathos und Schwalbe. Bibliothek Suhrkamp, Band A95 P37 Bildpost: Briefe und Postkarten aus sechs Jahrzehnten. Reihe A4, Band Frankfurt am Main: Gutleut Verlag, E28 Z48 Meier, Luise. M45 Menge, Karoline. Warten auf Schnee: Roman. E57 W37 Mensching, Steffen. Schermanns Augen: Roman. E59 S34 Mensing, Kolja.
E58 F45 Merkel, Andreas. Mein Leben als Tennisroman: Roman. Berlin: Blumenbar, E M45 Stadt ohne Gott: Roman. E S73 Meschik, Lukas. Limbus Preziosen. E82 R38 Meyer, Harald. Bremen: Edition Temmen, E A93 Millesi, Hanno. Die vier Weltteile: Roman. Wien: Edition Atelier, I V54 Mitterer, Felix. Mein Lebenslauf. I87 Z46 I87 V66 Modick, Klaus. Keyserlings Geheimnis: Roman. O24 K49 Molinari, Gianna. O52 H54 Mosebach, Martin. Die eine Reise ins Land der koptischen Martyrer.
C7 M67 Moser, Milena.
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